Pelvic floor muscles function together to maintain urinary continence, bowel movements, lumbar stability, and sexual function. Many people with pelvic pain have pelvic floor dysfunction, but specifically, hypertonic muscles or muscles that are too tight. Alternatively they can have hypotonic muscles or weak pelvic floor muscles, or a combination of both, muscles that are too tense and too relaxed.
The pelvic floor is the base of the group of muscles commonly referred to as your 'core'. These muscles play an important role in bladder and bowel control and sexual sensation.
Common signs that can indicate a pelvic floor problem include:
People who are most at risk of pelvic floor problems are:
This risk is higher if you:
Even though pelvic floor challenges are common, they are treatable and you should not have to live with them. Pelvic health physiotherapy can help you regain control, maximize your function and recovery, and improve your well-being. Research strongly supports pelvic floor physiotherapy as the first line of defense against incontinence and pelvic pain. Kegel exercises may not help everyone since the cause of pelvic floor dysfunction can be either muscle weakness or tightness. Sometimes they do more harm than good, and often are not performed correctly.
Specialized physiotherapists can evaluate and treat your pelvic floor dysfunction using manual therapy techniques externally and internally.
Pelvic Health Physiotherapy is available at the Athlete's Care Mississauga location. Physiotherapist, Katie Yamomoto is a registered Pelvic Health Physiotherapist and has taken numerous courses to assess and treat men and women with incontinence and a variety of pelvic pain conditions. She has a special interest in helping active individuals with incontinence, pelvic injury, or pain return to exercise. Click here to learn more about Katie.